240 (Preferred title)

245 (Title)

246 (Varying form of title)

250 (Edition statement)

254 (Musical presentation statement)

264 (Place and date of production)

240 (Preferred title)

  • Preferred titles collocate title access for a work appearing in multiple manifestations, such as editions, arrangements, translations of vocal text, or excerpts. Use this field to index a preferred title unless the same title or name/title is already indexed in 100 and/or 245 ‡a.
  • Use a preferred title established in a title or name/title authority record in the Library of Congress National Authority File (LCNAF).  If no authority record exists, devise a preferred title in conformance with RDA.  RDA provides rules for identifying a distinctive title or constructing a distinctive title from elements such as type of composition, instrumentation, vocal range, work number, and key.  To identify title elements, use works list appended to biographical articles in Oxford Music Online, other authoritative works lists, other reference sources, published editions, or the manuscript itself.  For additional guidance, see Music Cataloging at Yale/Preferred titles and the MLA Cataloging and Metadata Committee list of standard types of composition.


240 __ ‡a Sinfonia concertante, ‡m piano, orchestra

240 __ ‡a Rantzau. ‡p Sol che il sole risplenda

[opera excerpt; title from first line of text]                   

240 __ ‡a Roma. ‡p Tout homme dans Rome nous fuit et la ville servile toujours ob eit
[opera excerpt; title from first line of text]

245 (Title)

All titles

  • Subfields ‡a and ‡b: enter nondistinctive title elements, such as type of composition, instrumentation, vocal range, work number, and key, in subfield ‡a only if the main title element is a type of composition. Otherwise, enter these elements in subfield ‡b.
  • Excerpts: enter a title for the excerpt only in 245.  Enter a title for the complete work as a preferred title in 240.
  • Title source note: make a 500 note recording the source of the title.  For devised titles, use a standard note: “Title devised by cataloger.”
  • Other notes: optionally, make 520 or 500 notes to clarify incomplete statements of responsibility, to record altered titles or other altered information, annotations, or translations. Especially consider making these notes if the information noted concerns the creative process or performance history of the work.

Formal titles

  • Transcribe a formal title from a source within the manuscript.  Generally, use sources in this order of preference:
    • title page
    • caption
    • cover
    • preliminary pages
  • However, prefer a source that is part of the original manuscript to sources that have been supplied later.
  • Optionally, prefer instead a source that gives the most complete information. 
  • Transcribe parallel titles, other title information, and statements of responsibility, if present, in conformance with DCRM(M).
  • Optionally include formal title variants as access points in 246.

Supplied and devised titles

  • If no title is present, if possible identify a preferred title and supply in square brackets.  See guidelines in 240.
  • If no preferred title is found, devise a title consisting of one of the following, enclosed in square brackets:
    • First line of a vocal text
    • A type of composition and other elements, as applicable, in this order: medium of performance, numeric designation, key.
  • Manuscripts consisting of one or more fragments of a work:
    • Devise a title beginning “Fragment of…” or “Fragments of …”
    • Enter the title of the complete work, if this can be determined, as a preferred title


240 10 ‡a Rantzau. ‡p Sol che il sole risplenda

245 10 ‡a [Sol che il sole risplenda].

500 __ ‡a Title from first line of text.

(opera excerpt)

245 10 ‡a Luisa Miller : ‡b melodramma tragico in tre atti / ‡c sinfonia musica del Sigr. Mo. Guiseppe Verdi.

245 10 ‡a Sinfonia concertante for orchestra with pianoforte (quasi obbligato) / ‡c by William Walton.

245 10 ‡a Coups de roulis / ‡c Albert Willemetz ; Andre Messager.

245 00 ‡a Raccolta di canzoni ed arie nazionali napolitane e balli popolari : ‡b per pianoforte.

245 10 ‡a Marina : ‡b melodramma in un atto  / ‡c di Umberto Giordano.


246 (Varying form of title)

  • Optionally use to index alternative titles, such as variant spellings, access to both arabic and spelled-out numbers, or variant cover or spine titles.  
  • For more information on use of indicators or cataloger-supplied labels for specific types of alternative titles, see Music Cataloging at Yale/MARC Tagging/246.

250 (Edition statement)

  • Transcribe a statement relating to a version or revision, such as a draft, revision, or proof.
  • Treat the following as edition statements:
    • Type of score or other format of notated music
    • Version for specified voice
  • If a statement is not present, record any identifiable information in a 520 or 500 note.

254 (Musical presentation statement)

  • Use only for notated music.

  • Repeatable: no

  • Indexed: Keyword

  • Orbis public display constant: Edition

  • Punctuation: ends with a period.

  • Transcribe a statement of the physical presentation of notated music such as “Miniature score” or “Score and set of parts.” Do not use this field for a statement that implies an arrangement of the work, such as “Piano score” or “Vocal score.” Consider these statements of responsibility (245 ‡c), even if no arranger is identified by name.


First: none

Second: none.


‡a  Musical presentation statement

264 (Place and date of production)


‡a  Place of production

‡c  Date of production

Subfield ‡a:

  • Record a city and/or country, or other place of production, in a standard form, preferably conforming to LCSH, but without abbreviations or parentheses. Record supplied standard terms in square brackets. 
  • For multiple places, record either all places, some places with omissions indicated, or a geographic term encompassing all places. 
  • For unidentified places, use standard language, in square brackets: ‡a [Place not identified] 
  • Note the source of a supplied place, using standard language: 
  • 500 __ ‡a Place of creation supplied by cataloger. 
  • Optionally, note places in transcribed form 
    500 __ ‡a Place of creation on verso: NYC. 

 Subfield ‡c:

  • Record date or date span of production in a standard form. Record a date supplied in standard from in square brackets.  
  • Supplied dates: 
  • If undated, estimate at least a century. 
  • Use hyphens for year spans. 
  • Spell out “circa.” 
  • Optionally include a bulk span. 
  • Use square brackets. 
  • If a copyright date is present, transcribe it following the date of creation
  • Optionally, instead of a single date, supply a span of dates encompassing:
    • Creation, revisions, and other annotations
    • A group of fragments
    • A collection of manuscripts bound together, or printed and manuscript music bound together
  • Note the source of a supplied date, using standard language: 
    500 __ ‡a Date of creation supplied by cataloger. 
  • Optionally, note dates in transcribed from: 
    500 __ ‡a Date of creation in caption: Sept 12-16, 75. 

Optionally make 520 or 500 notes to record:

  • Imprint information for a publication prepared from the manuscript.
  • Dates of revisions or other annotations not included in subfield ‡c.
  • Copyright dates in a hand other than the creator.